825 Nicollet Mall, Suite 625, Minneapolis, MN 55402




Sandra Feist

Jeffrey E. Grell

  • Grell on RICO (2018).
  • Minnesota Business Torts Deskbook, Chapter 10 – RICO (4d Ed. June 2019).
  • European Economic Community v. RJR Nabisco, Inc.: Has the Second Circuit Ignited a Second Explosion in Civil RICO Claims?, ABA Preview of United States Supreme Court Cases, Issue No. 6, Vol. 43, p. 205 (March 21, 2016).
  • Boyle v. United States: Does a RICO Association-in-Fact Enterprise Require Proof of an Ascertainable Structural Hierarchy Distinct from the Acts of Racketeering?, ABA Preview of United States Supreme Court Cases, Issue No. 4, Vol. 36, p. 216 (January 12, 2009).
  • Bridge v. Phoenix Bond & Indemnity Co.: Is a Plaintiff Required to Prove Reliance in Civil RICO Cases Predicated on Acts of Mail and Wire Fraud?, ABA Preview of United States Supreme Court Cases, Issue No. 7, Vol. 35, p. 321 (April 14, 2008).
  • Odom v. Microsoft Corp. : The Ninth Circuit Abandons the Enterprise / Racketeering Activity Distinction, www.ricoact.com (May 4, 2007).
  • Mohawk Industries, Inc. v. Williams: The Eleventh Circuit Revisits RICO’s Application to the Employment of Illegal Aliens, www.ricoact.com (September 27, 2006).
  • Ideal Steel Supply Corp. v. Anza: The Second Circuit Determines that No Reliance is Necessary When a Defendant’s Alleged Acts of Mail and Wire Fraud Directly Cause Injuries to a Competitor or to the Target of the Scheme to Defraud, www.ricoact.com (July 2, 2004).
  • American Chiropractic Ass’n, Inc. v. Trigon Healthcare, Inc.: The Fourth Circuit’s Attempt to Achieve a Balance Between the Policies Reflected in the McCarran-Ferguson Act and RICO, www.ricoact.com (May 6, 2004).
  • Wagh v. Metris Direct, Inc.: The Ninth Circuit Wisely Dismisses Civil RICO Claims under Section 1962(a) and (b), but Affirms the “Result-Oriented” Racketeering Activity / Enterprise Distinction Under Section 1962(c), www.ricoact.com (Nov. 7, 2003).
  • Green Leaf Nursery v. E.I. Dupont De Nemours and Co.: The Eleventh Circuit Revisits the Proximate Cause Issues of Reliance and Intervening Third-Party Victims, www.ricoact.com (August 15, 2003).
  • Western Associates Limited Partnership v. Market Square Associates: The D.C. Circuit’s Ill-Advised Attempt to Revive a Multiple Scheme Approach to RICO’s Pattern Requirement, Civil RICO Report (April 2001).
  • RICO: Businesses’ Best Weapon Against Bribes, Kickbacks, and Other Forms of Corporate Corruption, www.ricoact.com (December 2000).
  • RICO and Eminent Domain: Condemnation or Crime, www.ricoact.com (Nov. 2000).
  • United States v. Goldin Industries, Inc.: Is the Eleventh Circuit Trading One Conflict for Another?, Civil RICO Report (Sept. 1, 2000).
  • HMO’s Under RICO: Issues the Courts Are Likely to Confront, Civil RICO Report (May 10, 2000).
  • Exorcising RICO from Product Litigation, 24 WM. MITCHELL L. REV. 1089 (1998).
  • Restatement (Third) of Torts, Section 8(d): Back to the Future of the Learned Intermediary Doctrine, 19 Hamline L. Rev. 349 (1996).